Categorized | Skin Care

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Diseases Related To The Integumentary System

The integumentary system is composed of the skin, hair and nails. Its main function is to protect the body from getting dehydrated and invading pathogens. The system is also responsible for maintaining the internal core temperature of the body, synthesizing Vitamin D, flushing toxins, and allowing a person to experience sense of touch and pain.

Just like any other system in the body, even this system is prone some diseases. One of the diseases related to the integumentary system is alopecia areata. This is an autoimmune disease where the immune system of the body begins to attack the hair follicles causing loss of the hair. While hair follicles all over the body can be affected by this disease, it is more common on the scalp. In the early stages of the disease, the person will have bald patches on the scalp and thereafter the baldness will extend. The disease can affect males as well as females, and can occur at any age.

Psoriasis is another disease related to the integumentary system. This is also a chronic autoimmune disease, which is non contagious. The affected person will have red scaly patches on the skin known psoriatic plaques. At times, when an outburst occurs, the patches can become red, inflamed and itchy. The skin on the knees and elbows is more prone to psoriasis, but it can also affect the genital region and scalp.

Warts are tiny little non-malignant tumors that occur on the skin of feet and hands. These are caused by the humanpapillomavirus. As this skin disease is caused by a virus, it is contagious and can spread through contact. The warts generally disappear on their own within a few months, but there are medical procedures that can help to excise the warts safely.

Dermatitis is a type of inflammation of the skin. There many kinds of dermatitis, like seborrheic dermatitis and atopic dermatitis. This disease of the integumentary system begins in a form of rash that itches a lot. As the disease progresses, the itchiness worsens and the skin becomes red and inflamed. The disease is not contagious, but is extremely uncomfortable.

Athlete’s foot is a fungal infection, which is medically known as tinea pedis. The fungus causing this infection mostly lives in moist places like showers and bathhouses. People who tend to walk bare feet are prone to this fungal infection. While this infection occurs on the feet, it can also spread to the groins, nails and other parts of the body. The best way to prevent athlete’s foot is by maintaining proper body hygiene.

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