Categorized | Rosacea

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What Are The Most Common Types Of Dermatitis?

A number of different skin problems can be characterized as dermatitis, but there’s one major symptom they have in common. Dermatitis causes inflammation of the skin somewhere on your body. Skin becomes swollen, red and itchy. Sometimes lesions will develop. Dermatitis is neither terminal nor disabling in normal circumstances, but it can certainly make you physically and emotionally uncomfortable.

The purpose of this article is to provide answers to the questions most people have about the different types of dermatitis.

What does dermatitis look like? Imagine how your skin would appear if you dropped a hot liquid on it, or got a very severe sunburn. Besides turning red, blisters might appear and there could also be moist secretions in the affected area. Scratching the skin also makes it look worse, but dermatitis can sometimes be so itchy that scratching is hard to resist.

What causes dermatitis? Genetic factors and allergies are two of the biggest causes of dermatitis. Pollutants and irritants in the air and the environment are among the other frequent causes of dermatitis. You can also get dermatitis due to certain kinds of stress, both emotional and physical. Causes, as you might expect, are different for different types of the disease.

Can dermatitis be contagious? No, it is not contagious. You don’t need to worry about getting dermatitis from another person.

What are the different types of dermatitis?

Atopic dermatitis This type of dermatitis is often called eczema. It’s a persistent, itchy, intermittent rash. Some of the most severe cases of eczema occur during childhood, but it’s not unusual for the condition to improve with age. It does not appear that stress causes this kind of dermatitis, but doctors generally agree that stress can aggravate the condition. The exact cause is not known. A genetic predisposition to having dry irritable skin combined with a malfunction in the immune system may be contributing factors.

The most common treatment for atopic dermatitis is generally a lotion containing hydrocortisone.

Contact or allergic dermatitis Contact dermatitis is caused, as the name suggests, by contact with an environmental irritant that causes a rash to break out on your skin.

Seborrheic dermatitis This is one of the types of dermatitis that features a red rash with yellowish oily scales that tend to develop on the scalp. In infants, this type of dermatitis is known as cradle cap. Adults who have Parkinson’s appear to be at higher risk for seborrheic dermatitis, as are those under a great deal of physical stress. Individuals with oily hair are also more prone to have this type of dermatitis.

Usually, the treatment doctors recommend for seborrheic dermatitis is a shampoo which contains tar, pyrithione zinc, salicylic acid or ketoconazole as the active ingredient. You may also get relief from hydrocortisone creams and lotions.

Perioral dermatitis This type is believed to be a form of rosacea, seborrheic dermatitis or adult acne. You should consult a doctor if this rash appears. Don’t try self-treating with common skin care products because certain types of makeup, moisturizers and topical corticosteroids only make it worse.

It can take a long time before perioral dermatitis goes away, but it seems to respond fastest to the oral antibiotic tetracycline. Recurrences are possible after the rash heals, so your doctor may recommend taking tetracycline for several months to keep the rash from reappearing.

Neurodermatitis Psoriasis, eczema and dry skin are often associated with this type of dermatitis. When you have this type of dermatitis, you generally feel itchy in a specific part of the body, especially the neck or the extremities. Hydrocortisone lotions and creams may help soothe your skin, along with wet compresses. Doctors will prescribe antidepressants and anti-anxiety medications for some patients. The most important thing is to avoid scratching, which just aggravates your skin even further.

Stasis dermatitis Sometimes, fluid will build up under the skin for some reason. When this occurs, stasis dermatitis may result. The legs are most often affected by this type of dermatitis, which occurs because the fluid beneath the skin blocks certain processes that keep the skin healthy. Treatment of stasis dermatitis begins with diagnosing and correcting the cause of the fluid build up. This can sometimes be accomplished with elastic support stockings. In extreme cases, varicose vein surgery may be necessary. Wet dressings help because they soften fragile skin and also prevent the risk of infection.

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