Categorized | Rosacea

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How Doctors Provide a Diagnoses for Acne Vulgaris

There are different ways to provide diagnoses of acne vulgaris. These can be done through taking the history of the patient, along with a number of laboratory tests. Acne vulgaris usually affects teenagers; especially those who have just entered the stage of puberty. However, the symptoms may vary from one person to another. For women, the acne formation may come and go, depending on the menstrual cycle.

In close examination of non-inflammatory acne, it will look more like open and closed comdone. On the other hand, the inflammatory lesion may start from a mikrocomedone, and later on turn into pustules, papules, or worse, a cyst. Most of these lesions can be found around a number of sebaceous glands in the face. A lot of doctors never find it hard to give diagnoses of acne vulgaris since this is a very visible condition. But doctors can provide very specific diagnoses, down to sub-types of acne.

The Diagnosis of Acne

One of the ways to provide diagnoses for acne vulgaris is through undergoing endocrine function tests. These tests are not routinely done for all patients. But it can be very helpful. For people who are suffering from acne, the endocrine tests may include the examination of the Luteinizing hormone and follicle-stimulating hormone for women, hormonal evaluation for testeteron, and there may be evidence of hyperandrogenism.

There is one overriding type of lesion for acne vulgaris. However, there are a number of variations for the lesions. These may include the papules, nodules, pustules and the comedon. The lesions can be found mostly on the face, but some have acne on their backs and on the chest and neck area. As mentioned earlier, doctors may provide differential diagnosesof acne vulgaris. These are the eruption acneformis, rosacea and perioral dermatitis.

Eruption Acneformis

This form of acne can be considered as a drug-induced condition. Eruption acneformis are caused by the intake of the following medications: ACTH, barbiturates, bromide, corticosteroids, difenilhidantoin, iodide and isoniazid. The lesions on this particular type of acne occur suddenly, without any other symptom such as fever.


Rosacea is one of the diagnoses of acne vulgaris which is considered as a chronic condition. The cause of this condition is still not very clear. People with rosacea have erythema all over the central face and over the neck area. There are two components on rosacea. One of which is the vascular changes which are comprised of persistent erythema. The other one is eruption acneformis, which include the hyperplasia of the sebaceous glands, cysts, pustules and papules. However, there is no direct relationship between the amount of sebum excreted and the severity of the condition.

Perioral Dermatitis

And the last type included in the diagnoses of acne vulgaris is perioral dermatitis. As what the name suggests, this kind of acne is characterized by the formation of papules and a number of small pustules around the mouth, or perioral area. This usually affects young women. But some of the acne is also found around the eyes and the nose. Just like rosacea, the cause is uncertain. The possible risk factors are the use of berflouride toothpaste, intake of oral contraceptives, and Candida infections.

Ways to Prevent Acne

There are a number of ways to prevent acne. You may need to pay attention to what you eat and performing exercise daily may be helpful. Aside from the diet and exercise, it is always good to keep your skin hydrated at all times. It is also recommended to avoid makeup or scrubbing of the face when washing. Now that you know how doctors provide diagnoses to acne vulgaris, it is important that you follow ways to prevent the condition from occurring.

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